CBD, short for Cannabidiol, is one of more than 113 active cannabinoids found in cannabis—also known as hemp. CBD is non-intoxicating, and has been found to offer a vast range of healing properties, most notably to suppress inflammation throughout your body.
Let's start with some basics:
- Does CBD get you high? No. CBD is completely non-psychoactive.
- Are cannabis, hemp, and marijuana all the same thing? No. Think of cannabis as an umbrella. Hemp and marijuana are two pals huddled under it (but very different pals).
Cannabis (or Cannabis Sativa) is a family of plants, of which marijuana and hemp are members. Although they’re relatives, marijuana and hemp have distinct differences in biology, appearance, and cultivation methods. The two were grouped together and banned during Nixon’s “War on Drugs” when his administration signed into law the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. And ever since, they've often been wrongfully lumped together. But just like two sisters, they're different.
Think of it like this: you're holding a bell pepper in one hand and a jalapeño pepper in the other. They're both peppers, but one is spicy and one is sweet. CBD (hemp) and THC (marijuana) are the same: both are cannabinoids, but they have thoroughly different effects on our bodies.
Hemp vs. Marijuana: the Deep Dive
You've probably heard of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (Cannabidiol), the two most notable cannabinoids in cannabis. While they may have similar chemical structure, they have very different properties.
THC is what gets you "high" on cannabis. By contrast, CBD is completely non-intoxicating. Marijuana is high in the psychoactive compound THC, or delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, the compound in marijuana that causes a high.